This article defines what is meant by Japanese-style management and explores the degree to which it has been implemented in Japanese-owned and operated factories in the United States. It examines the Japanese practice of "lifetime employment" and the degree to which Japanese-style management reflects Japanese culture. A key to the success of Japanese managerial methods in the U.S. is that they make it economically feasible to train and retain the internal-promotion-type worker. This type of worker is more important for high value-added manufacturing and advanced services than either skilled or unskilled labor.
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