Based on a multi-year field study of internal ventures in several established firms, this article highlights the central dilemmas that confront innovation from concept to commercialization. The chief difficulties in generating innovation arise from five key dilemmas encountered in locating, seizing, and then methodically navigating creative sparks through the maze and haze of large organizations. To systematically address these dilemmas, firms must endeavor to integrate their entire innovation effort. Three overarching themes are useful for understanding how to holistically manage the dilemmas of innovation in large firms: Strategic Envelope, Strategic Pacing, and Strategic Partnerships.
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